How to improve players’ concentration for training and a match in team sports
Michael Jordan, one of the best basketball players ever, used to say that it doesn’t matter how many hours you train; only the hours you are focused in training count.
On average, a professional football team made up of 25 players experiences 50 injuries over a season, so each player can get injured twice a year.1 One of the main training objectives is players’ availability to work out and compete. Financial loss and negative effects caused by injuries can unfold into a negative scenario or even lead to losing a game or a championship.2,3,4
In spite of all the measures implemented by professional clubs to avoid injuries and get their athletes back to the field as soon as possible, the injury rate in football is still high. A recent publication reviewed research aimed to quantify the injury incidence in professional football.5 Conclusions are drawn from a review of 44 research articles meeting the following criteria: (i) injuries had to be based on players’ time out of play; (ii) participants had to be professional players; (iii) articles had to be published in English and in a journal including a peer review system before March 2018 and (iv) articles had to show the players’ injury or prevalence rates. The following databases were used: PubMed, Scopus, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library.
The review results suggest some really remarkable conclusions:
Carlos Lago Peñas
1 Ekstrand J, Hägglund M, Waldén M. Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football: the UEFA injury study. Br J Sports Med 2011;45:553–8.
2 Hägglund M, Waldén M, Magnusson H, et al. Injuries affect team performance negatively in professional football: an 11-year follow-up of the UEFA champions League injury study. Br J Sports Med 2013;47:738-42. 3
3 Eirale C, Tol JL, Farooq A, et al. Low injury rate strongly correlates with team success in Qatari professional football. Br J Sports Med 2013;47:807-8.
4 Ekstrand J. Keeping your top players on the pitch: the key to football medicine at a professional level. Br J Sports Med 2013;47:723-4. Feeley BT, Agel J, LaPrade RF. When is it too early for single sport specialization? Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(1):234-241.
5 López-Valenciano A, Ruiz-Pérez I, García-Gómez A, et al. Epidemiology of injuries in professional football: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med 2020;54:711-718.
Although there are several studies on this topic, many of them have analyzed these demands by looking at just a few variables or using very broad timeframes. A new study completed by physical trainers from F.C. Barcelona has analyzed several of these details more closely.
The understanding of the modifying variables of the game, based on the degrees of freedom.
Training using eccentric exercises is important to prevent possible damage. However, intensive training can also cause muscle damage, so it is critical to be vigilant in order to keep injury risk to an absolute minimum.
The importance of building a game model in football.
Cardiovascular endurance manifests as a moderator of the load result to which the athlete is exposed.