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Pre-season Medical Evaluations: An Effective Tool to Identify and Prevent Pathologies and Injuries

In this sense, medical evaluations carried out during the pre-season are considered an essential tool for both young and adult athletes.

 Apophysitis: the growth disease

Apophysitis is a common disease in children and adolescents between 9 and 18 years old, and it is very frequent in young and adolescent athletes.

The Future of Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine Treatments 

The use of regenerative medicine in fields such as injury recovery or disease or tumour treatments caused an authentic paradigm change in the way medical interventions were proposed.

Monitoring tendinopathy state and its recovery process

How to heal what we cannot see? Medicine faces illnesses, injuries or ailments on a daily basis which cannot be directly observed.

When no alternative is enough: the particular case of Achilles tendon recovery

Some athletes call it the evil injury. Anyone who follows sports competitions will understand this perfectly:: Currently, Achilles tendon rupture is an injury that, in the best case, will keep an athlete away from the field for a long period of time.

The Effect of Air Pollution on Football Players

Even though environmental pollution is one of the most concerning problems in society, scientific research on how pollution affects professional sport has just taken its first steps. There are several studies about how the environment affects workers and the general population, but athletes are not often the subjects of study even though their inhalation is greater during physical activity. The only fact documented is that exposure to emissions causes oxidative stress and inflammation in the cardiovascular system in the long term.

Effects of Exercise on Immune Function, A Double-edged Sword?

Nobody calls into question that exercising is beneficial for our health. Besides, these benefits are multisystem, which means that they affect the many systems of our body in a coordinated way (e.g., cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, etc.) One of these systems is the immune one, divided into the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system. Among many other functions, these systems are in charge of protecting us against infections, and their importance has been proven during the COVID-19 pandemic. But, how does exercise affect our immune system?

The importance of Gut Microbiota in Athletes

Gut microbiota (collection of bacteria living in the human gut) has received special attention in the last years due to the numerous studies that link its functioning with health. Thus, dysbiosis of the gut microbiota (this is, alteration in the composition or functioning of such bacteria), which can happen due to multiple factors such as poor nutrition, high levels of stress or antibiotics overuse, is linked to the development of numerous metabolic and inflammatory pathologies.

How does alcohol intake affect athletes?

Even in moderate doses, alcohol is part of the daily life of a large part of the population. This does not exclude athletes, who often end the sports day socializing or celebrating with a drink. Everyone knows that alcohol consumption can have significant health consequences.

What is the real risk of infection during a match?

Physical distance is one of the most important measures to prevent the SARS-CoV-2 infection.1,2 However, maintaining the recommended interpersonal distance is not possible in most sports, including football. Thus, the World Health Organization (WHO) considers team sports high-risk for COVID-19 due to the physical contact and proximity between the players.3 However, the scientific evidence supporting the probability of spreading the virus during a football game is limited. Can football be considered a high-risk sport?