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Fluids and electrolytes in football

This process of losing body water is called dehydration, due to which acute or chronic dehydration, called hypohydration, occurs.

The Role of the Immune System in Sports Performance

The immune system is our body’s defence system against external elements such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

The Role of Carbohydrates in Football

Carbohydrates are one of the fundamental nutrients for all living organisms, together with proteins and fats.

Effects of heading the ball on the health of footballers

Forensic neuropathologist Bennet Omalu had no idea that the autopsy he was about to perform would turn the all-powerful National Football League on its head.

VITAMINE D IN ATHLETES

Nutrition plays an essential role in the athletes’ performance and health. However, the focus is often placed on some variables such as energy consumption or adequate intake of macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, and fats), leaving out the important role of other elements such as vitamins.

A step forward in the classification of muscle injuries

Muscle injuries are one of the main concerns in sports performance.

Player’s motivation in tough situations

Stadio Olímpico, Rome, in 2009. Manchester United and FC Barcelona are getting ready to play against each other in the Champions League Final.

Caffeine and performance, does it work for everybody?

There are several supplements to improve sports performance. However, only a few of them are scientifically proven to be effective.

A new tool to control muscle load in football players

Professional football players have some particular physiological characteristics which allow them to run an average of 10-12 km per match as well as reaching speeds above 30 km/h.

What factors are involved in hamstrings injury?

Hamstrings injury is the most frequent muscle injury in sports that require high speeds, such as football, rugby or American football.