HOW STADIUMS ARE HELPING IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
World-renowned clubs have decided to convert their infrastructure into pioneers of innovation in the field of renewable energies and in reducing their carbon footprint.
It would be completely inconceivable for education or professional practice in medicine, biology, or engineering not to be based on scientific evidence. However, although it is paradoxical, it is very common to find unscientific content in the science of sport and physical activity. In fact, this has been demonstrated in a recent study on the ideas and practices that circulate among sports coaches in the United Kingdom, one of the countries at the forefront of sports science. The voice of alarm has been raised, and in order to try to bring awareness to the issue, an opinion article is soon to be published in the scientific journal Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, detailing five assumptions that support these practices, as well as some possible solutions. Participants include Isaac Guerrero, member of the Knowledge Area at F.C. Barcelona; Natalia Balagué and Rafel Pol, members of the Research Group on Complex Systems and Sports of the Instituto Nacional de Educación Física de Cataluña; and participants in the club’s Professional Master in Football. A Common Problem with Multiple Causes “It is a very extensive problem of which we are perhaps not very aware,” explains Balagué. “Interestingly, and although it seems paradoxical, the problem appears to have grown as access to information – both scientific and not-so-scientific – has become easier through the Internet.” Professional practice has evolved somewhat anarchistically in recent years, “often altering the appearance without reviewing the fundamentals,” she reports. The authors point out five principal assumptions or beliefs that they seek to combat:
Some Advice and Suggestions The following recommendations are among those suggested in the article: adequately review educational programs based on criteria of scientific quality; promote collaboration among disciplines with a mentality that is both scientifically rigorous and also open to the advance of knowledge; help students distinguish between science and pseudoscience; and value sport as a phenomenon that is beneficial for science in general. For Balagué, the overarching recommendation is to “get rid of general decontextualized formulas and better understand the phenomena that are related to sports. Students and trainers should know that science is a continuum and that we must be attentive to its development. Professional experience is important, but professional profiles that are both practical and scientific have a greater likelihood of success.” The Barça Innovation Hub team
Although there are several studies on this topic, many of them have analyzed these demands by looking at just a few variables or using very broad timeframes. A new study completed by physical trainers from F.C. Barcelona has analyzed several of these details more closely.
The understanding of the modifying variables of the game, based on the degrees of freedom.
Sports Analytics has grown exponentially thanks to IT sciences and it also encompasses other subareas (e.g. sports sciences, behavior sciences, medicine or data visualization) in addition to statistics with a focus that is more tactical and sports performance related.